OSH Industrial Accidents or Occupational Diseases

The Impact of Workplace Accidents & Occupational Diseases


Every occupation has inherent hazards which, if manifested, can give rise to poor safety and health conditions. Therefore employers and employees should co-operate in the bid to adhere to sound safety, health and hygiene principles to avoid any accident or occupational disease in the workplace.


In general, an accident refers to a sudden and unintentional occurrence causing bodily harm or injury. However, the Safety and Health section of the Labour Department focuses on any ‘notifiable accident' which, as stated by the Accident and Occupational Diseases (Notification) Act, is an accident arising out of and in the course of employment, which causes the loss of life or disablement for more than three (3) days. The Accident and Occupational Diseases (Notification) Act also outlines occupational diseases which are chronic ailments that occurs as a result of work or occupational activity.


Failure to prevent industrial accidents and occupational diseases can result in significant costs at the personal, domestic and corporate levels as well as to the society. These costs could be as follows:


Personal Costs


Domestic Costs


Corporate / Business Costs:


Social Costs:


Slips, Slides and Falls


The most commonly occurring accidents in the workplace are slips, slides and falls. Such accidents are easily preventable by remembering a few simple precautions:



Tips for Employers


Employers should make careful consideration of the following:




Construction Sites





© 2009 Barbados Ministry of Labour.